Henry VIII is known as the English Monarch who had six wives and here I will tell you a little bit about each of his wives. But first, an entertaining YouTube video:-
The Six Wives of Henry VIII
|Catherine of Aragon||Anne Boleyn||Jane Seymour|
|Motto and Crest||“Humble and Loyal”Pomegranate with crown.||“The Most Happy”Crowned falcon on tree stump with red and white flowers.||“Bound to Obey and Serve”Crowned phoenix rising out of a castle with red and white roses.|
|Date of Birth||16th December 1485||Warnicke thinks 1507, but most historians think 1501 due to a letter that Anne wrote in 1513 when she was a maid of honour in Brussels – this position would be open to a 12/13 year old not a 6 year old.||Thought to be 1508 or 1509Elizabeth Norton thinks between Oct 1507 and 1508 because 29 ladies rode in her funeral procession (1 for each year).|
|Who were they?||Catalina de Aragón.Daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain.
Previously married to Prince Arthur but marriage was not consummated.
|Daughter of diplomat, Thomas Boleyn, and Elizabeth Boleyn (nee Howard)||Eldest daughter of Sir John Seymour and Margery Wentworth|
|Date of Marriage and Duration||11th June 1509Nearly 24 years, annulled in May 1533.||Either November 1532 or January 1533Just over 3 years.
Betrothed for 7 years.
|30th May 153617 months|
|Death||7th January 1536||19th May 1536||24th October 1537|
|Cause of Death||Traditionally assumed to be cancer, although autopsy points to coronary thrombosis.||Beheaded for treason, adultery and incest by a French swordsman||Thought to be an infection following childbirth.|
|Age at Death||50||Either 35 or 29||Around 29|
|Children||Mary (later Mary I)Born 18th February 1516||Elizabeth (later Elizabeth I)Born 7th September 1533||Edward (later Edward VI)Born 12th October 1537|
|Biography||“The Divorce of Catherine of Aragon: The Story as Told by the Imperial Ambassadors Resident at the Court of Henry VIII by J A Froude||Eric Ives’ “The Life and Death Of Anne Boleyn”Joanna Denny’s “Anne Boleyn: A New Life of England’s Tragic Queen”
Retha Warnicke’s “The Rise and Fall of Anne Boleyn”
|Elizabeth Norton’s “Jane Seymour: Henry VIII’s True Love”|
|Anne of Cleves||Catherine Howard||Catherine Parr|
|Motto||“God Send Me Well to Keep”A gold escarbuncle.||“No Other Will than His”Crowned red and white thornless Tudor rose||“To Be Useful in All That I Do”Crowned maiden rising from a Tudor Rose.|
|Date of Birth||22nd September 1515||1518/1521||Around August 1512|
|Who were they?||Daughter of Johann III, Duke of Juliers-Cleves and Maria, heir of Juliers||Cousin of Anne Boleyn, daughter of Lord Edmund Howard and Elizabeth Tilney.||Second child and eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendal, Westmoreland and Maud Green.|
|Date of Marriage and Duration||6th January 15406 months||28th July 1540About 19 months||12th July 1543 (Henry was her third husband)Until Henry VIII’s death on 28th January 1547.|
|Death||6th July 1557||13th February 1542||5th September 1548|
|Cause of Death||Unknown||Beheaded for adultery and treason||Illness following childbirth|
|Age at Death||41||Late teens/early 20s||About 36|
|Children||None||None||Daughter Mary Seymour by her 4th husband Sir Thomas Seymour.|
|Biography||Elizabeth Norton’s “Anne of Cleves: Henry VIII’s Discarded Bride”||Lacey Baldwin Smith’s “Catherine Howard: The Queen Whose Adulteries Made a Fool of Henry VIII”||Susan James’ “Catherine Parr: Henry VIII’s Last Love”|
Thanks to members of The Anne Boleyn Files Wiki for filling in the information on the Six Wives of Henry VIII.