21 March 1556 – The burning of Thomas Cranmer, one of the Oxford Martyrs

| March 21, 2018

21 March 1556 – The burning of Thomas Cranmer, one of the Oxford Martyrs

On this day in history, 21st March 1556, the third of the Oxford Martyrs, Thomas Cranmer, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, leader of the English Reformation and ‘architect’ of the Book of Common Prayer, was burnt at the stake in Oxford. Cranmer had been found guilty of heresy at a trial in September 1555 and […]

3 March 1515 – A secret marriage for Mary Tudor and Charles Brandon?

| March 3, 2018

3 March 1515 – A secret marriage for Mary Tudor and Charles Brandon?

This day in history, 3rd March 1515, is one of the dates given in the contemporary sources for the secret marriage of Mary Tudor, Dowager Queen of France, and Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. Mary, the younger sister of King Henry VIII, had been widowed on 1st January 1515 when her first husband, King Louis […]

Burial of Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester

| February 28, 2018

Burial of Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester

On this day in history, 28th February 1556, Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor of England, was buried in a chantry tomb at Winchester Cathedral. Gardiner had been taken ill at the end of October 1555 with what is thought to have been jaundice and dropsy, and he died on 12th November 1555. […]

1 February 1514 – Charles Brandon is made Duke of Suffolk and Thomas Howard is made Duke of Norfolk

| February 1, 2018

1 February 1514 – Charles Brandon is made Duke of Suffolk and Thomas Howard is made Duke of Norfolk

On this day in history, 1st February 1514, Candlemas Eve, King Henry VIII granted the dukedom of Suffolk to Charles Brandon, his future brother-in-law and close friend. He also granted the dukedom of Norfolk to Thomas Howard (Earl of Surrey and son of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk) and Thomas’s son, who was also […]

28 January 1457 – The birth of a king

| January 28, 2018

On this day in history, 28th January 1457, thirteen-year-old Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and wife of the late Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, gave birth to her first and only child at Pembroke Castle in West Wales. She named the infant Henry after his half-uncle Henry VI and, like his half-uncle, Margaret’s son grew […]

13 January 1547 – Henry Howard is tried for treason

| January 13, 2018

13 January 1547 – Henry Howard is tried for treason

On this day in history, 13th January 1547, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, poet and soldier, and son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, was tried for treason at a common inquest at Guildhall, London. Charles Wriothesley records the trial in his chronicle: “The 13th daie of Januarie was arraigned at the Guildhall Henrie […]

29 November 1530 – Cardinal Wolsey cheats the axeman

| November 29, 2017

On this day in history, 29th November 1530, at around 8 o’clock in the morning, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey died at the Abbey of St Mary de Pratis, Leicester. Wolsey had been arrested at his home, Cawood Castle, at the beginning of the month and was on his way to London to answer charges of treason. […]

28 November 1489 – Birth of Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland

| November 28, 2017

28 November 1489 – Birth of Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland

On 28th November 1489, Elizabeth of York, queen consort of King Henry VII, gave birth to the couple’s second child and eldest daughter at Westminster Palace. The couple named her Margaret after her paternal grandmother, Lady Margaret Beaufort, and she was baptised at St Margaret’s Church, Westminster, on 30th November. Margaret spent her childhood at […]