A collar of the Order of St Michel
A collar of the Order of St Michel
On 25th October 1532 King Francis I of France made Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, Knights of the Order of St Michel, which was the French equivalent of the Order of the Garter.

Wynkyn de Worde recorded this event in his The Maner of the tryumphe of Caleys and Bulleyn:

“Also the same daye that the kynges came from Bulleyn the frensshe kynge made the duke of Norffolke and the duke of Suffolke of the ordre of saynt Mighill.”

And it was also recorded by chronicler Edward Hall:

“While the kyng of Englande, lay thus at Bulleyn, the Frenche kyng to shewe hymself louyng to the noble men of Englande, the. xxv. daie of October, called a Chapiter of the compaignions of his Ordre, called Sainct Michell, of whom the kyng of Englande was one, and so there elected Thomas Duke of Norffolke, and Charles Duke of Suffolke, to bee compaignions of thesaied Ordre, whiche were brought into the Chapiter, and had there Collers deliuered to theim, and were sworneto the Statutes of the Ordre, their obeysaunce to their souereigne Lorde, alwaies reserued: whiche Dukes thanked the Frenche Kyng, and gaue to the Officers of Armes twoo hundred Crounes a pece.”

Henry VIII reciprocated on 28th October by holding a chapter of the Order of the Garter and making Anne, duc de Montmorency and Grand Master of France, and Philippe de Chabot, Admiral of France, Knights of the Garter.

This chapter meeting took place before Henry VIII and Francis I left Boulogne, where Henry VIII had been Francis’s guest at the French court, to go to Calais and there meet with Anne Boleyn, Marquis of Pembroke. You can read more about that in my article 25 October 1532 – Henry VIII and Francis I arrive at Calais.

Also on this day in history

  • 1529 – Sir Thomas More became Henry VIII’s Lord Chancellor. Click here to read more.

Notes and Sources

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