The First Sunday of Advent – What Anne Boleyn would have read
Posted By Claire on November 30, 2014
Anne Boleyn owned an illuminated manuscript of French Reformer Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples’ “Epistres et Evangiles pour les cinquante et deux semaines de l’an”, or “Epistles and Gospels for the 52 Weeks of the Year”. It was something that was precious to her, having been a gift from her brother George, something that he had actually translated for her (he had left the scriptural text in French but translated the accompanying German commentary by theologian Johannes Brenz into English).
Now, I own a copy of “Epistres et Evangiles”, so I thought it would be good to share the readings that Anne would have been reading and thinking about on the first Sunday of Advent. Here they are, in English from the New International Version of the Bible:
“And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. Rather, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ, and do not think about how to gratify the desires of the flesh.”
Matthew 21: 1-9
“Now when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them and bring them to me. If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord needs them,’ and he will send them at once.” This took place to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet, saying, “Say to the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your king is coming to you, humble, and mounted on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’” The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them. They brought the donkey and the colt and put on them their cloaks, and he sat on them. Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, and others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. And the crowds that went before him and that followed him were shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!””
The verses were accompanied by an exhortation in French by Lefèvre, which is too much to copy here, and Anne’s version also had a commentary by Brenz, but I thought you’d be interested in knowing what Anne was reading on this day in the 1530s.