1 September 1532 – Anne Boleyn is created Marquis of Pembroke in her own right

| September 1, 2014

1 September 1532 – Anne Boleyn is created Marquis of Pembroke in her own right

On 1st September 1532, Anne Boleyn was created Marquis of Pembroke, a title in her own right, at a ceremony at Windsor Castle. The purpose of the granting of the title was to “fit” Anne for the European stage, in readiness for the couple’s upcoming meeting with King Francis I of France. Despite years of […]

24 August 1572 – The St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

| August 24, 2014

24 August 1572 – The St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

On this day in 1572, the St Bartholmew’s Day Massacre took place. An estimated 3,000 French Protestants (Huguenots) were massacred in Paris, and a further estimated 7,000 in the provinces. According to tradition, Catherine de’ Medici persuaded her son, King Charles IX of France, to order the assassination of key Huguenot leaders who had gathered […]

Anne Boleyn Plays Perseverance – March 1522

| August 22, 2014

Anne Boleyn Plays Perseverance – March 1522

The next part in my Anne Boleyn’s Life series… As I mentioned in my article Anne Boleyn and the French Court 1514-1521, Anne Boleyn was recalled from France in late 1521. We don’t know when she arrived back in England or when she arrived at Henry VIII’s court, but she was there by 1st March […]

22 August 1485 – The Battle of Bosworth

| August 22, 2014

22 August 1485 – The Battle of Bosworth

On 22nd August 1485, near Market Bosworth, in Leicestershire, the armies of King Richard III and Henry Tudor faced each other. Richard III was killed in battle and Henry Tudor, son of the late Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and Lady Margaret Beaufort, became King Henry VII. You can read more about the battle in […]

Karma and Cromwell or a Waste of a Brilliant Mind?

| July 28, 2014

Karma and Cromwell or a Waste of a Brilliant Mind?

On this day in history, 28th July 1540, Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex and Henry VIII’s former right-hand man, was beheaded on Tower Hill. He had been arrested on 10th June 1540 at a council meeting, and a bill of attainder passed against him on 29th June 1540 for the crimes of corruption, heresy and […]

16 July 1546 – The Execution of Anne Askew, “a singular example of Christian constancy for all men to follow”

| July 16, 2014

16 July 1546 – The Execution of Anne Askew, “a singular example of Christian constancy for all men to follow”

On this day in 1546 the Protestant martyrs Anne Askew, John Lascelles, John Adams and Nicholas Belenian were burned at the stake at Smithfield in London for heresy. Anne had to be carried to the stake in a chair and “was tied by the middle with a chain, that held up her body” because hse […]

24 June 1509 – The Midsummer Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

| June 24, 2014

24 June 1509 – The Midsummer Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

24th June, Midsummer’s Day, was the day chosen for the joint coronation of Henry VIII and his new bride Catherine of Aragon. It was a day associated with fairies and magic, and it was traditional for fires to be burned on Midsummer’s Eve to give the sun strength. David Starkey writes of how the new […]

23 June 1509 – Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon’s Coronation Procession

| June 23, 2014

23 June 1509 – Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon’s Coronation Procession

On Saturday 23rd June, the eve of the coronation, Henry and his new queen, Catherine of Aragon, processed through London, from the Tower to Westminster. The procession started at 4pm, and consisted of the Knights of the Bath dressed in splendid blue gowns followed by Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, who had been made Constable […]