22 July 1536 – The Death of Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset, at St James’s Palace

| July 22, 2014

22 July 1536 – The Death of Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset, at St James’s Palace

On this day in 1536 (some sources say 23rd), seventeen year-old Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset, died at St James’s Palace. It is thought that he died of some kind of pulmonary infection, such as tuberculosis (consumption). Fitzroy was the illegitimate son, and only son at this point, of Henry VIII. His mother […]

20 July 1524 – Death of Queen Claude of France

| July 20, 2014

20 July 1524 – Death of Queen Claude of France

On this day in history, 20th July 1524, Queen Claude of France, consort of Francis I, died at the age of just twenty-four. She died at Blois and was temporarily laid to rest in the chapel there, but then moved to the royal abbey of St Denis just outside Paris in 1527. Brantôme declared that […]

16 July 1546 – The Execution of Anne Askew, “a singular example of Christian constancy for all men to follow”

| July 16, 2014

16 July 1546 – The Execution of Anne Askew, “a singular example of Christian constancy for all men to follow”

On this day in 1546 the Protestant martyrs Anne Askew, John Lascelles, John Adams and Nicholas Belenian were burned at the stake at Smithfield in London for heresy. Anne had to be carried to the stake in a chair and “was tied by the middle with a chain, that held up her body” because hse […]

16 July 1517 – The Birth of Frances Grey, Duchess of Suffolk

| July 16, 2014

16 July 1517 – The Birth of Frances Grey, Duchess of Suffolk

On 16th July 1517, St Francis’s Day, Frances Grey (née Brandon), Duchess of Suffolk, was born at Hatfield. She was the eldest daughter of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, and Mary Tudor, widow of King Louis XII of France and sister of Henry VIII. Frances married Henry Grey, Marquis of Dorset (and later Duke of […]

6 July 1535 – Execution of Thomas More, former Lord Chancellor

| July 6, 2014

6 July 1535 – Execution of Thomas More, former Lord Chancellor

On 6th July 1535, Sir Thomas More, Henry VIII’s former friend and Lord Chancellor, was beheaded on Tower Hill as a traitor. He had been found guilty of high treason under the Treason Act of 1534 for denying the King’s supremacy and refusing to take the Oath of Succession. Chronicler Edward Hall recorded More’s execution: […]

5 July 1535 – Thomas More’s Last Letter

| July 5, 2014

5 July 1535 – Thomas More’s Last Letter

On 5th July 1535, the day before his execution, Sir Thomas More wrote to his beloved daughter Margaret Roper from his prison in the Tower of London. He had been found guilty of high treason at a special commission of oyer and terminer for refusing to recognise Henry VIII as Supreme Head of the Church […]

2 July 1489 – The Birth of Archbishop Cranmer

| July 2, 2014

2 July 1489 – The Birth of Archbishop Cranmer

On 2nd July 1489, Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I, was born at Aslockton in Nottinghamshire. He was the son of Thomas Cranmer and his wife Agnes (née Hatfield). Cranmer is known for: His work on Henry VIII’s Great Matter, the annulment of the marriage […]

29 June 1509 – Death of Margaret Beaufort, the Tudor matriarch

| June 29, 2014

29 June 1509 – Death of Margaret Beaufort, the Tudor matriarch

On this day in 1509, Lady Margaret Beaufort, grandmother of Henry VIII, mother of the late Henry VII and a woman known as the matriarch of the Tudor dynasty, died at Cheyneygates, the Abbot of Westminter’s house. Margaret died just four days after enjoying the coronation celebrations of her grandson Henry VIII, and Henry Parker, […]