Posted By Claire on April 24, 2014
Thomas Audley, English Heritage, Audley End House
On 24th April 1536, Henry VIII approved the setting up of two commissions of oyer and terminer by Sir Thomas Audley, his Lord Chancellor and Thomas Cromwell’s right hand man.
‘Oyer and terminer’ comes from the French ‘to hear and to determine’ and denotes a legal commission formed to investigate and prosecute serious criminal offences, such as treason, committed in a particular county. A grand jury in the county would first investigate the alleged offence and then approve a bill of indictment, if there was sufficient evidence. The case would then go on to the commission of oyer and terminer, the court with jurisdiction to try the offence(s). In this case, the commissions were set up to investigate crimes committed in the counties of Middlesex and Kent. Just eight days later, Anne and George Boleyn were arrested for crimes committed in those two counties.
You can read more about these commissions in my article 24 April 1536 – The Legal Machinery is Set Up.
Posted By Claire on April 23, 2014
My photo of Shakespeare’s Birthplace
Happy 450th Birthday to William Shakespeare!
Although it is not actually known which day in 1564 William Shakespeare was born, his birth is celebrated on 23rd April because he was baptised on 26th April and baptism usually took place around three days after birth. It is also St George’s Day, St George being the patron saint of England, so it seems a fitting day to pay tribute to the Bard. William Shakespeare also died on this day in 1616. He was buried at the Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
You can read more about William Shakespeare in my article over at The Elizabeth Files – click here. But I’d like to celebrate Shakespeare’s life by sharing this video of Sonnet 116 being performed first in ‘Received Pronunciation’ and then in ‘Original Pronunciation’, the way it would have been read in Shakespeare’s lifetime.
If you want to get involved in the Happy Birthday Shakespeare international online event, click here.
St George’s day, 23 April 1536, brought the first outward sign that the Boleyns were losing their influence. George was expected to receive the Order of the Garter, the pinnacle honour of the realm, and his sister strongly supported him. George had been nominated the previous year and had received a reasonable amount of support, […]
On the 22nd April 1536, Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, who had been away from court staying at his country residence, Knole House, wrote a letter to Thomas Cromwell. In it he said: “I was ever hitherto cold, but now I am in a heat with the cause of religion, which goeth all contrary to mine expectation, […]
At 11pm on Saturday 21st April 1509, the fifty-two year-old King Henry VII died at Richmond Palace, ending his 23 year reign. His second son, the seventeen year-old Prince Henry, acceded to the throne and became King Henry VIII. He was crowned king on 24th June 1509 in a joint coronation with his new bride, […]
On Easter Sunday, in Tudor times, the candles in the church and around the sepulchre were extinguished, and then the church lights were re-lit by the priest, from a fire. The sepulchre was opened, and Christ’s resurrection was celebrated with a special mass. The Easter Sunday mass marked the end of Lent, a period where […]
On 20th April 1534, Elizabeth Barton, a Benedictine nun who became known as ‘the Nun of Kent’ or ‘the Holy Maid of Kent’, was hanged for treason at the gallows at Tyburn along with her spiritual adviser, Father Edward Bocking; Richard Risby, Warden of the Observant Friary at Canterbury; and Hugh Rich, Warden of the […]
I just wanted to share with you some photos from last night’s Maundy Thursday procession in my village. Thanks to Tim for taking them.