Posted By Claire on November 28, 2014On 28th November 1489, Elizabeth of York, queen consort of King Henry VII, gave birth to the couple’s second child and eldest daughter at Westminster Palace. The couple named her Margaret after her paternal grandmother, Lady Margaret Beaufort, and she was baptised at St Margaret’s Church, Westminster, on 30th November.
Margaret spent her childhood at Sheen and at Eltham Palace, but was sent to Scotland at the age of thirteen to marry James IV following the 1502 Treaty of Perpetual Peace between England and Scotland. Margaret and James had been married by proxy on 25th January 1503 at Richmond Palace but married in person on 8th August 1503 at Holyrood Abbey.
James IV and Margaret Tudor went on to have six children, including the future James V of Scotland, father of Mary Queen of Scots. James IV died at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, a battle between Scotland and Margaret’s brother Henry VIII’s forces. For a time, Margaret acted as Regent and although she had opposition, being the enemy’s sister, she managed to reconcile Scotland and England. Things changed, however, when Margaret secretly married Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, a member of the powerful Scottish House of Douglas. When the news got out, Margaret encountered opposition from the nobles and in September 1514 the Privy Council ruled that she had acted against the terms of James IV’s will and could no longer act as Regent. She was replaced by John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, who took custody of her sons, James and Alexander, keeping them at Stirling Castle.
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